Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) Treatment
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an enlargement or bulge that develops in a weakened area within the largest artery in the abdomen, the aorta. The aorta runs from the heart down through the chest and into the abdomen. An abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs when the wall of the aorta progressively weakens and begins to bulge. If the AAA remains undetected, the aneurysm eventually becomes so large, and its walls so weak, that rupture occurs. When this happens, there is massive internal bleeding which can lead to death.
AAA can be safely treated or cured within the early diagnosis. Most people feel no symptoms, and AAA is often detected when tests are conducted for other unrelated reasons.
Some of the symptoms associated with AAA include
- A pulsing feeling in the abdomen
- Unexplained, severe pain in the abdomen or lower back
- Pain, discoloration, or sores on the feet
Exam for diagnosis
Ultrasound screening is a painless, safe and accurate way to detect AAA.
What to know about treatment
The most important factor determining the treatment of AAA is its size. Treatment may require a lifestyle change such as quitting smoking, lowering blood pressure, and taking medication. For large AAA’s repair may be carried out either by placement of an endovascular stent graft or by open bypass grafting.